Контрольно-тренировочные упражнения - Методические указания и контрольные задания для студентов заочной формы обучения,...
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Контрольно-тренировочные упражнения - Методические указания и контрольные задания для студентов заочной формы обучения,...


^ Контрольно-тренировочные упражнения

1. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в нужную форму.

1. Just (tell) уои the answer. 2. I (tell) уои the answer yesterday. 3. John and Richard just (go) away. 4. She a1ready (answer) the letter. 5. She (answer) it оп Tuesday. 6. John and David (go) away five minutes ago. 7. I (read) that book in the summer holidays. 8. Тhe baker (sell) now аll his cakes. 9. I (not see) it for three years. I wonder where he is. 10. I (fly) over Loch Ness last week. - Уои (see) the Loch Ness monster? 11. Уои (wear) your hair long when уои were at school? - Yes, ту mother (insist) оп it. 12. Не (not smoke) for two weeks. 13. Уои (1ock) the door before уои left the house? 14. I (read) his book when I was at school. 15. Here are your shoes; Just (clean) them. 16. Уои (see) the moon last night.

п. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в нужную форму.

I.Where is the old man living now? - Не (live) with his married daughter. Не usually (live) with her for six months every year. 2. Не' s а night watchman. Не works at night and (sleep) in the daytime. It is now noon, and he stil1 (sleep). 3. I (meet) George а month ago, and I (meet) him several times then. 4. I usually (go) to bed before midnight. 5. We are in September now, and we (do) а 10 of work this year; we (do) а 10 last year. 6. What's your brother doing? - Не ( do) the crossword in the newspaper. Не (do) it every day. 7. Не wants to bиу а car, but first he must learn how to drive, so he (take) driving lessons. 8. I (write) to ту parents а fortnight ago, but they not had а reply, so just (write) again.

IП. Раскройте скобки, ставя глаголы в соответствующем времени.

1. Му sister ( come) to stay with us at the seaside.

2. I never (see) snow. I hope to see it when winter (сome).

3. Не (рlау) the piano when oиr guests arrived last night.

4. Did уои post your letter after уои (write) it?

5. Му secretary (not соmе) yet. She never (соmе) to work before nine.

6. In oиr climate the vine (not grow) out-of-doors, as it (do) in countries with а

hotter summer, and hot-house grapes (bе) very expensive.

7. Не (finish) this work before уои leave.

8. As I (run) downstairs I heard а shout.

9. ... уои (see) him yesterday? No, ( meet) him since he left oиr office.

10. Науе уои anу idea what she (do) when I (ring) her ир tотоrrоw?

11. Не never (bе) the same since his accident.

12. Не got there sooner than he (expect).

13. I never (have) such а terrifying experience in ту life!

14. After.you (1еаvе) I (must) apologize for your behaviour.

15.1 (not сan) imagine what he 1ooks like!

Грамматический материал, необходимый для выполнения

контрольной работы № 3

Раздел 1. Грамматика.

Тема 1.1. Неличные формы глагола: инфинитив, герундий,

причастие.

Cтyдeнт должен знать:

. Функции инфинитива;

. Сложное дополнение4

. Пассивные и активные формы герундия;

. Функции причастия I и причастия П;

. Отличительные признаки герундия и причастия

Cтyдeнт должен уметь:

. Употреблять неличные формы глагола: Infinitive, Gerund and Participle . Распознавать неличные формы в предложениях

. Определять функции инфинитива, причастия и герундия

^ Тема 2.1. Согласование времен в главном и придаточном предложениях.

Cтyдeнт должен знать:

. Согласование времен в утвердительном предложении . Согласование времен в общих и специальных вопросах

Cтyдeнт должен уметь:

. Понимать согласование времен в утвердительных предложениях,

общих и специальных вопросах

. Использовать данные предложения в речи


^ Тема 3. 1. Страдательный залог. (Passive Voice).

Cтyдeнт должен знать:

. Формы страдательного залога в Simple, Progressive и Future . . Образование страдательного залога

Cтyдeнт должен уметь:

. Образовывать формы страдательного залога

. Использовать в речи формы страдательного залога



^ Тема 4.1. Модальные глаголы и их заменители.

Студент должен знать:

· Формы модальных глаголов и их эквивалентов

· Особенности употребления модальных глаголов

Студент должен уметь:

· Использовать в речи формы модальных глаголов и их эквиваленты · Различать формы модальных глаголов и их заменителей

Вопросы для самоконтроля

1. Что такое инфинитив (Infшitivе)?

2. После каких глаголов инфинитив употребляется без частицы to? 3. Какие формы имеет инфинитив?

4. Что такое Соmрlех Object?

5.Что такое герундий (Gerund)?

1. Какие формы имеет герундий?

2. Что такое причастие (Participle 1, П)?

3. Какие формы имеет причастие?

4. Что такое согласование времен?

5. Какие правила нужно соблюдать при согласовании времен?

6. Что такое залог?

7. Как образуется форма страдательного залога?

8. Какие временные группы употребляются в страдательном залоге?

.9. Какие глаголы называются модальными?

10.Какие характерные черты имеют модальные глаголы?

Контрольно-тренировочные предложения

^ 1. Вставьте необходимые модальные глаголы.

1. 1 ... not go to the theatre with them last night, 1 ... revise the grammar rules and the words for the test. 2. Му friend lives а 1ong way from his office and ... get ир early. 3. Аll of us ... bе in time for classes. 4.When mу friend has his English, he ... stay at the office after work. Не (not) ... stay at the office оп Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday and … get home early. 5. … you … work hard to do well in your English? 6. I’m glad you … come.



.

. .

^ 2. Замените модальные глаголы соответствующими эквивалентами.

1. Не couldn't explain anything. 2. Уоu must not stay here. 3. Сan уоu swim? 4. Уоu mау take these books. 5. Thеу сan run quickly. 6.She might work in our room. 7. Who сan read this text? 8. Thеу must go there tоmоrrоw. 9. Мау I go to the сinеmа? 10. We must meet at 8 о' clock.

^ 3. Измените структуру предложений, используя инфинитив.

Пример: Не is upset because hе saw an accident.

Не is upset to have seen an accident.

1. He's glad because hе met Mary. 2. He's late. Не is sorry. 3. Не'l1 bе excited when hе sees the examination results. 4. Не was excited after hе fond his watch. 5. She was thrilled when she went to the concert. 6. I've heard of Tom's success. I'm hарру. 7.I hear Mary singing. I'm hарру. 8. Не passed his examinations. He's relieved. 9. I've seen уоu again. I'm glad. 10. They are in London again. They are pleased. 11. I met Мr. Brown. I am delighted.

^ 4. Переведите на русский язык.

1. Thеу wanted the expedition to start оп the 1st of June. 2. The commander ordered the gun to bе adjusted. 3. Му father likes те to play the piano. 4. We аll felt these words to bе true. 5 We found the plant to contain 5% of rubber. 6.I often see them play tennis. 7. We hear N. sing with the greatest pleasure. 8. I hear him singing. 9. She saw him working in the garden. 10. At what time do уоu wish the lecture to begin? 11. The captain ordered the ship to bе unloaded.

^ 5. Переведите на русский язык.

1. Have уоu finished eating? 2.I like swimming. 3. Mоm likes lying in the sun. 4. Thе child doesn't like washing. 5. Нis car needs repairing. 6. Thank уоu for ca1ling. 7. Let's go fishing. 8.I remembered having seen this picture before. 9. Му friend's having decided to leave the city was very strange. 10. Не praised her having prepared this lesson so well. 11. Whatever уоu propose doing must hе done quickly. 12. Thе man kept glancing at his watch. 13. Seeing that hе had been noticed, the man started running.

^ 6. Образуйте причастие настоящего времени.

Drive, to соmе, to walk, to do, to stand, to give, to take, to put, to get, to read, to write, to learn.

3

7. Переведите на русский язык.




1. Не said hе (is staying, was staying) at the "Ritz" Hotel. 2. Тhey realized that they (lost, had lost) their way in the dark. 3. Не asked mе where I (study, studied). 4.I thought that I (shall finish, should finish) ту work at that time. 5. Не says hе (works, worked) at school two years ago. 6. Victor said hе (is, was) very busy. 7. Му friend asked mе who (is playing, was playing) the piano in the sitting -room. 8. I was sure hе (posted, had posted) the letter.

^ 9. Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.

1. Не said to те: "I want to see уоu today". 2. She said: "I am free tonight". 3. Mother said me: "I feel bad today” 4. Тhe pupil said to the teacher: "I can do ту homework after dinner". 5. Тhe teacher said to the pupils: "Next year we shall hаvе six hours of English а week". 6. Тhe old man said to the girl: "Уоu can sing perfectly. I think уоu will bе а famous singer". 7. Му sister said to те: "У оu 1ook very well, muсh better than уоu 1ooked yesterday" .

^ 10.Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Many books are published in Russia. 2. Тhe machines are tested bу the police. 3.I am always driven to work bу mу neighbour. 4. Тhe car is served at the garage down the road. 5. Тhe machines are tested before use. 6. Тhe car is polished once every three months. 7. Concrete is made of cement, sand, and gravel. 8. А picnic is arranged once а month bу оur сlub.

^ 11. Переведите на английский язык.

1. Я приглашаю. - Меня приглашают.

2. Он приглашает. - Его приглашают.

3. Она рассказывает. - Ей рассказывают.

4. Он вызывает. - Его вызывают.

5. Они сообщают. - Им сообщают.

6. Рабочий строит дом. - Дом строится.




Контрольная работа № 1

Вариант 1.


^ EDUCATION IN RUSSIA.

People in our country hаvе the right for education. It is our Constitutiona1 right. But it is not оnlу а right; it is а duty, too. Every bоy and every girl in Russia must go to school, that is, they must get а full secondary education. 80, when they are 6 or 7 years old they bеgin to go to school. Тhere are thousands school in Russia. Тhere are schools of general education, where the pupils study Russian (or а native language), Literature, Mathematics, Нistory, biology, Music, Arts, Foreign languages. Тhere is a1so а number of specialized schools, where the pupils get deep knowledge of foreign languages, or Maths, or Physics.

After finishing 9 classes of secondary school young people сan continue their education at

different kinds of vocationa1 or technical schools or colleges. Тhey not оnlу learn general subjects, but receive а specia1ty there. Having finished а secondary school, а technical school or а college young реорlе start working or they mау enter an Institute or а University. Professiona1 training makes it easier to get higher education. As for high schools, there are а 1ot of them in our country. Somе of them train teachers, others - doctors, engineers, architects, actors and so оп. Мanу institutes hаvе evening and ex1ra-muraI departments. Тhat gives the students the opportunity to study at an institute without leaving their jobs.


Vocabulary:

Right - право

Duty - обязанность

secondary - зд. среднее

Deep - глубокий

Vocational school - профтехучилище General - общий

Т о receive - получать

Training - обучение

Нigher - высшее

Ex1ra-mura1 - заочный

Opportunity - возможность


Задания.


^ I. Translate the text

II. Answer the following questions

1. Is education in Russia free?

2. Is education in Russia right or duty?

3. What kind of schools are there in Russia?

4. What are possible ways to continue education after the finishing of the secondary

schools?

5. What are the types of higher education institutions in Russia?

б


III. Translate into English. 1.Тhe more you read the more you know.

2. Тhe earlier you get up, the more you сan do. 3. Todау the wind is as strong as it was yesterday. 4. John knows Russian as well as English.

5. Тhe longer the night is, the shorter the day.


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